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{{See also|Daraa Governorate campaign}}

{{Infobox military conflict

|conflict= Daraa offensive (February–June 2017)

|partof= the [[Syrian Civil War]]

|image=[[File:Battle of Daraa City.svg|border|300px]]

|caption=Map of the situation in Daraa city, as of 21 April 2017

|date= 12 February – ''present'' <br>({{Age in months, weeks and days|month1=02|day1=12|year1=2017}})

|place= [[Daraa]], [[Daraa Governorate]], [[Syria]]

|territory=

|result= Ongoing

*Rebels initially captured a large part of the al-Manishiyah District,<ref name=tables/> but the offensive soon stalled

*Army recaptured almost all lost positions,<ref name="modest"/> leaving less than 25% of al-Manshiyah rebel-held<ref name=field/>

*Renewed rebel attack leaves the rebels in control of 95% of al-Manshiyah<ref name="embattled" />

|status=

|combatant1= {{flagicon image|Al-Liwaa.svg}} '''Banyan al-Marsous operations room'''<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2017/02/treasury-sanctions-2-senior-leaders-in-al-qaedas-syrian-branch.php |title= Treasury, UN sanction 2 senior leaders in al Qaeda’s Syrian branch |last=Joscelyn |first=Thomas |date=February 24, 2017 |website=Long War Journal|publisher=Foundation for Defense of Democracies |access-date= |quote=}}</ref>

*{{flagicon image|Flag of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.svg}} '''[[Tahrir al-Sham]]'''<ref>{{cite web |url=https://twitter.com/Charles_Lister/status/831564192134094848 |title=Charles Lister |last=Lister|first=Charles|date=14 Feb 2017 |website=Twitter  |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}</ref>

  • {{flagicon image|Flag of Ahrar ash-Sham.svg}} [[Ahrar al-Sham]]<ref name=punishing>{{cite web|url=http://syriadirect.org/news/regime-escalates-punishing-campaign-on-daraa-city-after-rebels-bet-on-risky-offensive-to-keep-jordan-border-point/|title=Regime escalates punishing campaign on Daraa city after rebels bet on risky offensive to keep Jordan border point|work=Syria:direct|date=14 February 2017}}</ref>
  • {{flagicon|Syrian opposition}} [[Free Syrian Army]]<ref name=punishing/>
  • {{flagicon image|Logo of Jaysh al-Islam.jpg}} [[Jaysh al-Islam]]<ref name="long">{{cite web|url=http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2017/02/jihadists-and-other-rebels-assault-syrian-regime-positions-in-southern-city.php|title=Jihadists and other rebels assault Syrian regime positions in southern city|work=Long War Journal|author=THOMAS JOSCELYN|date=13 February 2017}}</ref>

*[[Jabhat Ansar al-Islam]]

*[[Alwiya al-Furqan]]

{{flagicon|Islamic State}} Jamaat Bayt al-Maqdis al-Islamiya<ref name="illustrates">{{cite web|url=http://en.eldorar.com/node/4808|title=Al-Bonyan al-Mrsous illustrates the reason for the battle, "Death vs Humiliating"|publisher=El-Dorar Al-Shamia|date=17 February 2017|accessdate=19 February 2017}}</ref>

|combatant2={{flagicon image|Flag_of_Syria.svg}} '''[[Syrian Arab Republic]]'''

  • {{flagicon image|Flag of the Syrian Arab Armed Forces.svg}} [[Syrian Armed Forces]]

{{flag|Iran}}<ref name="IRGC">{{cite web|url=http://en.eldorar.com/node/4797|title=Iranian leader close to Soleimani killed in Daraa battles|author=|publisher=El-Dorar Al-Shamia|date=16 February 2017|accessdate=17 February 2017}}</ref><br/>{{flag|Russia}}<ref name=russia>{{cite web|url=http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-mideast-crisis-syria-deraa-idUKKBN15T2XW|title=Russian jets pound Syrian city of Deraa after rebel gains|work=Reuters|date=14 February 2017}}</ref><br/>{{flagicon image|InfoboxHez.PNG}} [[Hezbollah]]<ref name="execute officer">{{cite web|url=https://en.zamanalwsl.net/news/25260.html|title=Daraa: rebels kill 7 regime troops, Hezbollah executes army officer|publisher=Zaman al-Wasl|date=14 April 2017|accessdate=15 April 2017}}</ref>

|commander1= {{flagicon image|Flag of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.svg}} Ibrahim Abdullah<ref name=russia/><br><small>(senior rebel commander)</small><br>{{flagicon image|Flag of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.svg}} Abu Shaimaa<ref name=punishing/><br><small>(al-Banyan al-Marsous operations room spokesman & commander)</small><br>{{flagicon|Syrian opposition}} Umran Tawfiq Al-Amri{{KIA}}<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/jihadist-rebels-mourn-death-top-commander-daraa/|title=Jihadist rebels mourn the death of top commander in Daraa|first=Al-Masdar|last=News|date=16 April 2017|publisher=|accessdate=27 May 2017}}</ref><small>(Ahfad Al-Rasoul Brigade commander)</small>

|commander2={{flagicon image|Flag_of_Syria.svg}} Brig. Gen. Issa Abdul Karim Mohammed{{KIA}}<ref>{{cite web|url=https://twitter.com/IvanSidorenko1/status/830890719451676672|title=Ivan Sidorenko on Twitter|publisher=}}</ref><ref name="Terminates">{{cite web|url=http://en.eldorar.com/node/4825|title="Al-Bonyan Al-Marsous" Terminates 1st.& 2nd. Phases killing100 soldiers of Assad Regime|publisher=El-Dorar Al-Shamia|date=19 February 2017|accessdate=19 February 2017}}</ref><br/>{{flagicon image|Flag_of_Syria.svg}} Unidentified Syrian Army lieutenant colonel{{Executed}}<ref name="execute officer" /><br/>{{flagicon|Iran}} Col. Mustafa Zal Nejad{{KIA}}<ref name="IRGC" /><br><small>(IRGC commander)</small>

|units1={{flagicon|Syrian opposition}} [[Free Syrian Army]]<ref name="twitter.com">{{cite web|url=https://twitter.com/badly_xeroxed/status/832614244776558592/photo/1|title=Коуди Роша on Twitter|publisher=}}</ref>

  • {{flagicon image|Logo of the Southern Front.png}} [[Southern Front of the Free Syrian Army|Southern Front]]<ref name="twitter.com"/>

**[[Alliance of Southern Forces]]

***[[Omari Brigades]]

***Free Nawa Division

***Houran Column Division

** [[Revolutionary Army (Syria)|Revolutionary Army]]

*** Mu'tazz Billah Army

** [[First Corps (Syrian rebel group)|First Corps]]

*** Dawn of Liberation Division

** [[Youth of Sunna Forces]]

** Southern Brigades

*** Aisha, Mother of Believers Brigade

    • Engineering and Rocket Battalion<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnoYWoLzbk8|title=كتيبة الهندسة و الصواريخ - دك محطة المحروقات بجانب فرع المخابرات الجوية بصاروخي عاصفة|first=|last=كتيبة الهندسة و الصواريخ|date=28 July 2015|publisher=|via=YouTube}}</ref>

* [[Army of Free Tribes]]

{{flagicon image|Flag of Ahrar ash-Sham.svg}} [[Ahrar al-Sham]]

*Farouq Army

*Jund al-Malahim<ref name="illustrates" />

|units2={{flagicon image|Flag of the Syrian Arab Army.svg}} [[Syrian Army]]

  • [[5th Armoured Division (Syria)|5th Armoured Division]]<ref name=20j>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/20-jihadist-rebels-killed-failed-daraa-offensive/|title=More than 20 jihadist rebels killed in failed Daraa offensive|work=Al-Masdar News|author=Leith Fadel|date=12 February 2017}}</ref>

**15th Mechanized Brigade

    • [[File:Syrian Republican Guard Symbol.svg|17px]] [[Republican Guard (Syria)|Republican Guard]]<ref name=entirety>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/exclusive-syrian-army-prepares-capture-entirety-daraa/|title=Exclusive: Syrian Army prepares to capture the entirety of Dara'a|first=Izat|last=Charkatli|date=25 February 2017|publisher=|accessdate=21 March 2017}}</ref>

{{flagicon image|Flag of the Syrian Air Force.svg}} [[Syrian Air Force]]<br>

{{flagicon image|InfoboxNDF.png}} [[National Defence Forces (Syria)|National Defence Forces]]<br>

{{flagicon|Iran}} [[Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran|Iranian Armed Forces]]

  • {{flagicon image|Flag of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.svg}} [[Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution|IRGC]]

**[[Ground Forces of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution|IRGC Ground Forces]]<ref name="IRGC" />

{{flagicon image|Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg}} [[Russian Armed Forces]]

  • {{flagicon image|Flag of the Air Force of the Russian Federation.svg}} [[Russian Air Force]]<ref>{{cite news |last=Al-Khalidi |first=Suleiman |date=15 February 2017 |title=Russia strikes Syria after ‘Death Over Humiliation’ rebel battle |url=http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2017/02/15/Russian-jets-pound-Syrian-city-of-Deraa-after-rebel-gains.html |newspaper=Reuters  |location=Amman  |access-date= }}</ref>

|strength1=

|strength2=

|casualties1=32 killed <small>(per SOHR)</small><ref name=about50>{{cite web|url=http://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=60880|title=About 50 were killed since the start of the battle of "al-Mawt Wala al-Mathallah" and unidentified warplanes bombed al-Qameshly countryside|work=SOHR|date=14 February 2017}}</ref><br>71 killed <small>(per The Inside Source)</small><ref name="insidesource">{{cite web|url=https://twitter.com/InsideSourceInt/status/831848332372828161|title=The Inside Source on Twitter|publisher=}}</ref><br>200 killed <small>(per Hezbollah)</small><ref name=suffer>{{cite news |last= |first= |date=15 February 2017 |title=Syrian War Report – February 15, 2017: Al-Nusra And Its Allies Suffer Heavy Casualties In Daraa |url=https://southfront.org/syrian-war-report-february-15-2017-al-nusra-and-its-allies-suffer-heavy-casualties-in-daraa/ |newspaper=South Front |location= |access-date= }}</ref><br>

|casualties2=16 killed <small>(per SOHR)</small><ref name=about50/><br>41 killed <small>(per The Inside Source)</small><ref name="insidesource"/><br>307 killed, 500+ wounded, 10 Tanks and 8 [[ZSU-23-4]] Shilkas destroyed <small>(per the rebels)</small><ref>307 Killed, 10 Tanks, 8 Shilkas (Up to June 6)[https://twitter.com/Abo_Omara_Daraa/status/872388367031336960]

<br>500+ wounded[https://en.zamanalwsl.net/news/25260.html] </ref>

|casualties3=12 civilians killed<ref name=punishing/>

| campaignbox = {{Campaignbox Syrian Civil War}}

}}


The '''Daraa offensive (February–June 2017)''', [[code name]]d as the battle of '''"Death Rather than Humiliation"''' ({{lang-ar|الموت ولا المذلة}}) by the rebels,<ref name=russia/> was a military operation launched by [[Syrian rebel]]s against positions of the [[Syrian Arab Army]] in the Manshiyah District, [[Daraa]] and the surrounding area in southern [[Syria]].


==The offensive==

===Initial rebel gains===

On 12 February 2017, [[suicide bomber]]s from the [[al-Nusra Front]] of Tahrir al-Sham, both [[Foreign fighters in the Syrian and Iraqi Civil Wars|foreign fighters]],<ref name="long"/> launched two [[car bomb]]s at Syrian Army positions in the Al-Manshiyah district of southern Daraa city. Both vehicles were reportedly destroyed before they could reach their target.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/al-nusra-led-offensive-against-the-syrian-army-in-daraa-spectacularly-fails/|title=Al-Nusra led offensive against the Syrian Army in Daraa spectacularly fails|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|author= Paul Antonopoulos|date=12 February 2017}}</ref> The frontlines in the city were lined with [[fortification]]s, and the rebels did not make any gains. The Army launched [[artillery]] and "Elephant" [[lob bomb]]s at rebel positions after they repelled the assault.<ref name=sham>{{cite web |url=http://www.shaam.org/news/syria-news/الموت-ولا-المذلة-حي-المنشية-محط-أنظار-ثوار-درعا-والمعارك-مستمرة.html |title=Death and humiliation ... Mansheya neighborhood, the focus of rebel shield and ongoing battles|work=Sham News Network|date=12 February 2017}}</ref>


On 13 February, the rebels claimed to have captured several buildings in Al-Manishiya.<ref>{{Cite news |url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/newly-formed-jihadist-coalition-advances-daraa/|title=Newly formed jihadist coalition advances in Daraa|last=Fadel|first=Leith|date=2017-02-13|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-02-13|language=en-US}}</ref> After the rebel advances, the [[Russian Air Force]] conducted dozens of airstrikes on rebel positions in Daraa.<ref name=russia/> The next day, the Syrian Army launched a counter-attack that resulted in the recapture of several points in al-Manishiyah.<ref>{{Cite news |url= https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-fights-back-daraa-attempt-reverse-jihadist-gains/ |title=Syrian Army fights back in Daraa as they attempt to reverse the jihadist gains |last=Fadel|first=Leith |date=2017-02-13 |work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-02-13|language=en-US}}</ref>


On 15 February, Tahrir al-Sham fighters captured some areas in the north-eastern part of Al-Manishiyah, however later in the day the Army recaptured all of the lost points and launched a counter-offensive capturing the eastern part of the district.<ref name=tables>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-turns-tables-jihadist-rebels-daraa-several-points-recaptured-video/|title=Syrian Army turns the tables on the jihadist rebels in Daraa, several points recaptured: video|last=Fadel|first=Leith|date=2017-02-15|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-02-15|language=en-US}}</ref> According to Farhan Haq, deputy spokesman for the UN Secretary General, over 9,000 civilians fled the city of Daraa as of 15 February.<ref>{{Cite news |url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/un-worried-clashes-daraa-9000-civilians-flee-city/ |title=UN worried about clashes in Daraa as 9,000 civilians flee the city|last=Tomson|first=Chris|date=2017-02-15|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-02-16|language=en-US}}</ref>


===Offensive stalls and Army counter-attack===

[[File:Rebel fighters in al-Manishiyah District (Daraa 2017).png|thumb|300px|left|Rebel fighters advance in the al-Manishiyah District.]]


On 20 February, the rebels launched the third phase of their offensive with fighting intensifying.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/clashes-intensify-syrias-daraa-rebels-launch-3rd-phase-offensive/|title=Clashes intensify in Syria's Daraa as rebels launch 3rd phase of offensive|first=Zen|last=Adra|date=20 February 2017|publisher=}}</ref> However, the same day, an [[Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|ISIL]] affiliate, the [[Khalid ibn al-Walid Army]], took advantage of the rebel's redirection of personnel for the assault on al-Manishiyah and [[ISIL Daraa offensive (February 2017)|launched its own offensive]] west of Daraa against the rebels. The Khalid ibn al-Walid Army captured [[Tasil]], as well as four other towns and villages and a hill. The rebels managed to recapture only two towns.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://syriadirect.org/news/islamic-state-affiliate%E2%80%99s-surprise-offensive-pays-off-as-rebels-distracted-in-daraa-city/|title=Islamic State affiliate’s surprise offensive pays off as rebels distracted in Daraa city|publisher=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/massive-rebel-collapse-daraa-isis-sweeps-several-towns/|title=Massive rebel collapse in Daraa as ISIS sweeps through several towns|first=Chris|last=Tomson|date=20 February 2017|publisher=}}</ref> Over a period of three days, 132 people were killed in the jihadist offensive, mostly combatants.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/2/8/258704/World/Region/-killed-in-three-days-of-Syria-clashes-Monitor.aspx|title=130 killed in three days of Syria clashes: Monitor - Region - World - Ahram Online|publisher=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=61420|title=Casualties rise with the continuation of the bloody fight in the western countryside of Daraa, killing more than 130 persons – #SOHR|publisher=|accessdate=21 March 2017}}</ref> Due to the attack on rebel positions, the offensive in Daraa city stalled.


The Army reportedly recaptured some positions in a counter-attack on 23 February.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-advances-daraa-city-launching-counter-assault/|title=Syrian Army advances in Daraa City after launching counter-assault|first=Leith|last=Fadel|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|date=23 February 2017}}</ref> However, the same day, a rebel suicide-bomber blew himself up near an Army checkpoint amid a renewed rebel attempt to break through government fortifications in the city.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/islamist-suicide-bomber-blasts-syrian-army-checkpoint-daraa-city-photos/|title=Islamist suicide bomber blasts Syrian Army checkpoint in Daraa city (Photos)|first=Chris|last=Tomson|date=23 February 2017|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|accessdate=21 March 2017}}</ref> The following day, the Russian Navy launched long-range ballistic missiles at rebel positions in the al-Bilad district in retaliation for the suicide-bombing.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/russian-navy-pounds-islamist-rebels-daraa-ballistic-missiles/|title=Russian Navy pounds Islamist rebels in Daraa with ballistic missiles|last=Tomson|first=Chris|date=2017-02-24|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-02-24|language=en-US}}</ref>


On 25 February, the Muawiyas school in Al-Manshiyah district was destroyed by a rebel rocket strike.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/school-blown-smithereens-rebel-missile-attack-daraa-photos/|title=School blown to smithereens by rebel missile attack in Daraa (Photos)|last=Tomson|first=Chris|date=2017-02-25|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-02-25|language=en-US}}</ref> The same day, Republican Guard reinforcements arrived in Daraa, numbering 500 troops, ahead of a major Army counter-attack.<ref name=entirety/> Pro-rebel sources later claimed that Jordan expelled families of rebel fighters killed in the offensive.<ref>{{cite news |last=عمر |first=محمد  |date=2017-02-27|title=الأردن يطرد عائلات مقاتلين في الحر قتلوا بمعركة المنشية "للضغط على الفصائل" |url=https://7al.net/2017/02/27/الأردن-يطرد-عائلات-مقاتلين-في-الحر-قتل/| work=موقع الحل السوري - أخبار سوريا |location=درعا |access-date=2017-02-27}}</ref>


On 5 March, the Army captured several buildings in Daraa Al-Bilad neighborhood, taking advantage of the lack of rebel manpower which was diverted to repel the [[Khalid ibn al-Walid Army]]'s offensive.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/tides-turn-daraa-syrian-army-begins-counter-offensive-provincial-capital/|title=Tides turn in Daraa as the Syrian Army begins counter-offensive in provincial capital|last=Tomson|first=Chris|date=2017-03-05|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-03-06|language=en-US}}</ref> The next day, the 5th Armoured division of the Republican Guard recaptured a few building blocks in Al-Manshiyah, thus almost completely reversing rebel gains made in February.<ref name="modest">{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/modest-gains-syrian-army-continues-daraa-counter-offensive/|title=Modest gains as the Syrian Army continues Daraa counter-offensive|last=Tomson|first=Chris|date=2017-03-06|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-03-06|language=en-US}}</ref> The Army made additional gains in the Al-Bilad neighborhood and seized some areas around the Al-Musarif Roundabout on 8 March.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-seizes-several-sites-inside-daraa-city-launching-latest-military-operation/|title=Syrian Army seizes several sites inside Daraa City after launching latest military operation|last=Fadel|first=Leith|date=2017-03-08|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-03-08|language=en-US}}</ref>


===Interlude===

Four days later, a rebel suicide car-bomber killed and injured several soldiers in al-Manshiyah.<ref name=field>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/field-report-suicide-bomber-attacks-government-forces-syrias-daraa/ |title=Field Report: Suicide bomber attacks government forces in Syria’s Daraa |last=Adra|first=Zen |date=2017-03-12 |work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-03-12|language=en-US}}</ref> Following this, the rebels recaptured a building in the district.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/video-syrian-army-scores-direct-hit-islamist-insurgents-building-daraa-city/|title=VIDEO: Syrian Army scores direct hit on Islamist insurgents at building in Daraa city|first=Chris|last=Tomson|date=13 March 2017|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|accessdate=21 March 2017}}</ref> On 13 March, the rebels captured the Abu-alraha building block in Al-Manshiyah.<ref>[http://www.syriahr.com/2017/03/13/بعد-معارك-وهجوم-عنيف-فصائل-درعا-تتمكن/  بعد معارك وهجوم عنيف…فصائل درعا تتمكن من تحقيق تقدم جديد في المدينة]</ref>


On 16 March, the Army attacked multiple rebel-held districts of the city, reportedly killing at least 14 rebel fighters.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-targets-jihadist-headquarters-daraa-city/|title=Syrian Army targets jihadist headquarters in Daraa City|last=Fadel|first=Leith|date=2017-03-16|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-03-16|language=en-US}}</ref>


On 25 March, artillery and missile attacks launched by the Syrian Army in Daraa and its north-eastern countryside destroyed three rebel bases, resulting in the deaths of over 20 fighters.<ref>{{Cite news |url= https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-destroys-3-bases-deraa-killing-20-militants/|title=Syrian Army destroys 3 bases in Deraa, killing 20+ militants|last=Mulhem|first=Suliman|date=2017-03-25|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-03-25|language=en-US}}</ref> The following day, the 5th Division of the Republican Guard with the support of Hezbollah and the special forces of the 15th Division stormed Al-Manshiyah, reportedly seizing numerous buildings and causing around 40 rebel casualties.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-advances-daraa-city-russian-airstrikes-pummel-islamist-rebels/|title=Syrian Army advances in Daraa city while Russian airstrikes pummel Islamist rebels|last=Tomson|first=Chris|date=2017-03-25|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-03-26|language=en-US}}</ref>


As of the end of March, Tahrir al-Sham fighters continued to attack Syrian Army positions in the al-Manshiyah neighborhood.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://southfront.org/hayat-tahrir-al-sham-continues-costly-offensive-in-daraa-with-no-gains/|title=Hayat Tahrir al-Sham Continues Costly Offensive In Dara'a With No Gains|date=2017-03-30|access-date=2017-03-30|language=en-GB}}</ref> The military was also attacking rebel positions throughout the city and the sporadic clashes continued into early April.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-smashes-tahrir-al-sham-bases-in-daraa-city/|title=Syrian Army smashes Tahrir al-Sham bases in Daraa city|last=Antonopoulos|first=Paul|date=2017-04-02|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|access-date=2017-04-02|language=en-US}}</ref>


===Renewed rebel offensive===

On 6 April, the rebels renewed their offensive by detonating a VBIED inside the government-held parts of the Al-Manishiyah District, killing scores of government troops and forcing them to retreat. A second VBIED hit another building in the same area. During the fighting the rebels seized three security buildings which served as HQ for the Syrian Army.<ref name="renew">{{cite news|last1=Adra|first1=Zen|title=Field Report: Jihadi rebels renew attack in Daraa|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/field-report-jihadi-rebels-renew-attack-daraa/|accessdate=8 April 2017|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|date=6 April 2017}}</ref>


On 8 April, the rebels launched another assault on the Al-Manishiyah District, capturing large parts of the district after a fierce battle. The rebels broke through the Syrian Army’s defenses around the western perimeter of the Al-Manishiyah District, giving them the upper-hand in the battle and getting them close to capturing the district.<ref name=close>{{cite news|last1=Fadel|first1=Leith|title=Jihadist rebels close to capturing key district in Daraa|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/jihadist-rebels-close-capturing-key-district-daraa/|accessdate=8 April 2017|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|date=8 April 2017}}</ref> Still, two days later, the Army launched a counter-attack supported by the Russian Air Force.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/russian-jets-springboard-syrian-army-counter-offensive-key-daraa-district/|title=Russian jets springboard Syrian Army counter-offensive in key Daraa district|first=Leith|last=Fadel|date=10 April 2017|publisher=[[al-Masdar News]]|accessdate=13 April 2017}}</ref> Despite the Army's counter-attack, the rebels claimed they captured the "15 Residential Block" after hours of fierce fighting.<ref>{{cite news|title=ثوار درعا يسيطرون على 15 كتلةً في حي المنشية|url=http://www.all4syria.info/Archive/402010|accessdate=11 April 2017|work=كلنا شركاء في الوطن|language=ar}}</ref>


On 12 April, the rebels recaptured the territory they lost to the Army in their counter-attack, including several building blocks near the district’s center.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Fadel|first1=Leith|title=Jihadist rebels reverse Syrian Army gains in key Daraa district|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/jihadist-rebels-reverse-syrian-army-gains-key-daraa-district/|accessdate=12 April 2017|work=[[al-Masdar News]]|date=12 April 2017}}</ref> Two days later, the rebels made further advances in Al-Manishiyah, capturing the Al-Maqsem Checkpoint and its nearby building blocks,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/jihadist-rebels-advance-daraa-amid-latest-attack-army-positions/|title=Jihadist rebels advance in Daraa amid latest attack on army positions|first=Leith|last=Fadel|date=14 April 2017|publisher=|accessdate=27 May 2017}}</ref> the Muaya’a school and the Oqba Bin Nafya mosque.<ref>{{cite web|title=Haya'at Tahrir Al-Sham Is About To Capture Al-Minshyah Neighborhood In Dara'a|url=https://southfront.org/hayaat-tahrir-al-sham-is-about-to-capture-al-minshyah-neighborhood-in-daraa/|accessdate=14 April 2017|date=14 April 2017}}</ref> By 15 April, the rebels were in control of between 70 and 90 percent of the al-Manishiyah district.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-collapses-islamist-rebels-swarm-southern-daraa-neighborhood/|title=Syrian Army collapses as Islamist rebels swarm through southern Daraa neighborhood|publisher=al-Masdar News|date=15 April 2017|accessdate=15 April 2017}}</ref><ref name="saves">{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/russian-air-force-saves-day-daraa-amid-major-assault-jihadists/|title=Russian Air Force saves the day in Daraa amid major assault by jihadists|first=Al-Masdar|last=News|date=16 April 2017|publisher=|accessdate=27 May 2017}}</ref> However, further rebel progress was halted on 16 April, by heavy Russian air-strikes.<ref name="saves"/>


On 18 April, the Army, backed by Russian airstrikes, launched a counter-offensive in the Manshiyah district, recovering some points during the fighting. However, the rebels remained in control of over 60 percent of the district.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Fadel|first1=Leith|title=Syrian Army fights back in Daraa after days spent on the defensive|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-fights-back-daraa-days-spent-defensive/|accessdate=18 April 2017|work=AMN - Al-Masdar News {{!}} المصدر نيوز|date=18 April 2017}}</ref> Over the next two days, the rebels launched a counter-attack and managed to recapture several positions, leaving them once again in control of 80 percent of Manshiyah.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Fadel|first1=Leith|title=Jihadists launch powerful assault on Daraa City|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/jihadists-launch-powerful-assault-daraa-city/|accessdate=19 April 2017|work=AMN - Al-Masdar News {{!}} المصدر نيوز|date=19 April 2017}}</ref><ref name=embattled>{{cite news|last1=Tomson|first1=Chris|title=Islamist rebels on the verge of capturing embattled neighborhood in Daraa city|url=https://mobile.almasdarnews.com/article/islamist-rebels-verge-capturing-embattled-neighborhood-daraa-city/|accessdate=20 April 2017|work=AMN - Al-Masdar News {{!}} المصدر نيوز|date=20 April 2017}}</ref>


On 25 April, the rebels started another attack on Army positions in the Manshiyah District by using an explosive hose.<ref>{{cite news|title=خرطومٌ متفجّرٌ يوقع قتلى وجرحى لقوات النظام في درعا|url=http://www.all4syria.info/Archive/405287|accessdate=25 April 2017|work=كلنا شركاء في الوطن|language=ar}}</ref> While the rebels failed to take the strategic Al-Arshadiyah Checkpoint,<ref>{{cite news|last1=Fadel|first1=Leith|title=Jihadist rebels launch new offensive in Daraa to capture important district|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/jihadist-rebels-launch-new-offensive-daraa-capture-important-district/|accessdate=25 April 2017|work=AMN - Al-Masdar News {{!}} المصدر نيوز|date=25 April 2017}}</ref> they did capture 12 buildings during the fighting.<ref>{{cite news|title=فصائل الثوار تسيطر على "12 كتلة عسكرية" في حي المنشية بدرعا|url=http://freesyria.tv/?p=39806|accessdate=25 April 2017|work=قناة السوري الحر الفضائية|date=25 April 2017|language=en}}</ref> The next day, heavy artillery shelling and air-strikes reportedly caused heavy casualties among rebel forces.<ref name=bigprice>{{cite web|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/rebel-forces-pay-big-price-gains-daraa-city-full-report/|title=Rebel forces pay big price for gains in Daraa city - full report|first=Chris|last=Tomson|date=27 April 2017|publisher=|accessdate=27 May 2017}}</ref>


On 24 May, the rebels captured 34 to 40 buildings in Manshiyah<ref>{{cite news|title=Al-Bonyan Al-Marsous forces the Assad troops to retreat in Manshiyah district of #Daraa|url=http://en.eldorar.com/node/5775|accessdate=25 May 2017|work=en.eldorar.com|language=en}}</ref> after they claimed to had repelled more than two Army attempts to advance in the district.<ref>{{cite news|title=Syrian Opposition Advances In Manshya Neighborhood In Daraa - Qasion News Agency|url=http://qasioun.net/en/news/show/69664|accessdate=25 May 2017|language=en}}</ref> In response to the rebel's advances, the Syrian Air Force launched 22 airstrikes on rebel-held positions.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/islamist-rebels-advance-syrian-army-daraa-safe-zone/|title=Islamist rebels advance against the Syrian Army in Daraa safe zone|last=Tomson|first=Chris|date=2017-05-25|work=AMN - Al-Masdar News {{!}} المصدر نيوز|access-date=2017-05-26|language=en-US}}</ref> The latest advance reportedly left the rebels in control of 95 percent of Manshiyah.<ref>{{cite news|title=Assad Forces Teetering on Defeat in Last Manshiyah Strongholds|url=http://syrianobserver.com/EN/News/32810|accessdate=26 May 2017|work=The Syrian Observer|language=en}}</ref>


==References==

{{reflist|3}}


{{Syrian Civil War}}


{{DEFAULTSORT:Daraa offensive (February 2017)}}

[[Category:Military operations of the Syrian Civil War in 2017]]

[[Category:Military operations of the Syrian Civil War involving the Syrian government]]

[[Category:Military operations of the Syrian Civil War involving Jabhat Fateh al-Sham]]

[[Category:Daraa Governorate in the Syrian Civil War]]

[[Category:Military operations of the Syrian Civil War involving the Free Syrian Army]]

[[Category:Military operations of the Syrian Civil War involving Tahrir al-Sham]]

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